Polonnaruwa is considered to be one of the best preserved historic cities in the world. Km from Kandy The Polonnaruwa, about 140 km away, was declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site because of its rich history.

Often referred to as the second oldest capital of Sri Lanka, Polonnaruwa is a well preserved city with archaeological monuments and natural beauty. Located in the North Central Province of Sri Lanka, Polonnaruwa has its old town, an adjacent “old town” and a “new town” about 6 kilometers away. Archaeological sites are located in a compact layout within easy reach of each other, and tours are easy on foot.

Like in Anuradhapura, Polonnaruwa also has its share of Buddhist sites, and pilgrims’ buses are often visited by pilgrims and monasteries. However, the palaces and courtyards in Polonnaruwa showcase the intricate network of amusement parks and bathtubs, as well as carvings and sculptures. The ancient city was declared a World Heritage Site by UNESCO in 1982.

Parakrama Samudra
Named after King Parakramabahu the Great, the most significant feature of Polonnaruwa is the large Parakrama Samudra (Parakramabahu Sea) on which an irrigation tank was built. This is his largest irrigation project and covers an area of more than 15 kilometers. As far as Sri Lanka is known, the dam is about 14 km long and 12 meters high.

The waters of the Parakrama Samudra traveled around the ancient city and its surroundings and served as a springboard against the invading armies of ancient times. A complex network of reservoirs supplied water from the reservoir to surrounding paddy fields, ensuring that agricultural production could be carried out year-round. The farming practices that had so far been transformed, transformed Polonnaruwa into the rice-growing capital of ancient Sri Lanka.

The Dipuayana (Island Park) lounge is located in the Promotion Hall. When King Parakramabahu built his large lake, he chose this beautiful place for a royal garden. Later, King Nissankamalla liked it so much that he built its palace and chambers.

The royal palace and the chambers
One of the most prominent buildings in Polonnaruwa was the royal palace of King Parakramabahu I. The palace must have been a magnificent mansion, and in the chronicles it is described as “seven thousand stories high with a thousand stalls.” Entering the palace from the south you come to a large hall (31 meters long and 13 meters wide), which was often an audience. Although the palace is in ruins, it is worth exploring the elephant carvings in the main audience and the moonstone lamps along the paths leading to the palace buildings.

Par?????kramab??hu’s chamber – lion gates, ornate pillars and moonstone (a finely carved step). The building is supported by powerful relief elephants around the base. Each one is different from the next.

Shiva Temple – Shiva Deval No: 1.
A pure and restrained Hindu Kovil dedicated to Lord Shiva. This temple belongs to the later Polonnaruwa period and was probably built during the thirteenth century Indian domination. A large number of mature Cholar style super bronzes have been found from the temple and these can be seen at the Colombo Museum.

Thuparama of Polonnaruwa
This oblong brick figure house sits on the southwest corner of the adjoining square. Tuparama is a large Buddhist shrine.

Inside the building, there is a pile of brick and plaster in the ruins of the sanctuary. It was once an image of the Buddha. The roof of the building’s original chamber is still unchanged. The tropical rain flows along the curve of the roof, and the dragon spirals down into the earth like gargoyles in medieval Europe.

The Roundhouse is a place of beauty and beauty that is rare even in ancient Sri Lanka. Adjacent to the outer circle of the stone pillars is a beautifully decorated curtain wall decorated with four floral decorations.

The flight of staircases at the Cardinal sites are made of stone and are beautifully carved. Each plane has a statue of Buddha on its head. The temple is decorated with moonstone, watchtower and sculpture.

Like all the dagobas in Sri Lanka, this shrine is oriented towards the north, south, east and west. Four Buddha statues are facing out and the back of the Dagaba mound.

Nisanka Latha Malpatha
This beautiful altar, the flower altar, has stone pillars, a tower of rare grace. This sacred hall with unknown purpose was built by Nissankamalla. In the center of the building is a small dagaba with worshipers carved around the base.

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